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Gnome::Gtk3 cpan:MARTIMM last updated on 2023-02-06
![gtk logo][logo]
# Gnome Gtk3 - Widget toolkit for graphical interfaces

![Travis][travis-svg] ![Appveyor][appveyor-svg] ![artistic-2.0][license-svg]




Documentation at [this site]( has the ![GNU Free Documentation License](

# Description

The purpose of this project is to create an interface to the **GTK+** version 3 library.

# History
There is already a bit of history for this package. It started off building the `GTK::Glade` package which soon became too big. So a part was separated into `GTK::V3`. After some working with the library I felt that the class names were a bit too long and that the words `gtk` and `gdk` were repeated too many times in the class path. E.g. there was `GTK::V3::Gtk::GtkButton` and `GTK::V3::Gdk::GdkScreen` to name a few. So, finally it was split into several other packages named, `Gnome::N` for the native linkup on behalf of any other Gnome modules, `Gnome::Glib`, `Gnome::GObject`, `Gnome::Gdk3` and `Gnome::Gtk3` according to what is shown [on the developers page here][devel refs]. The classes in these packages are now renamed into e.g. `Gnome::Gtk3::Button`, `Gnome::Gdk3::Screen`, `Gnome::GObject::Object` and `Gnome::Glib::List`.

# Example

This example does the same as the example from `GTK::Simple` to show you the differences between the implementations. What immediately is clear is that this example is somewhat longer. To sum up;

### Pros
  * The defaults of GTK+ are kept.
  * Separation of callbacks from other code. Callbacks are always given to the routines as an object where the callback method is defined and the method name. User data can be provided using named arguments to the callback setup. An example of such a method is `register-signal()`.
  * No fancy stuff like tapping into channels to run signal handlers.
  * `register-signal()` is a method to register callback methods to process signals like button clicks as well as events like keyboard input and mouse clicks. Not all signal handlers can be written yet because the provided native objects can not be imported into a Raku object because of its missing class.

### Cons
  * The code is larger because it is more low level, that is, closer to the GTK+ api.
  * Code is somewhat slower. The setup of the example shown next is about 0.05 sec slower. That isn't much seen in the light that a user interface is mostly set up and drawn once.
  * More worrying is the compile time of a sufficient large application.

|**A screenshot of the example** | **A screenshot of Gtk Simple**|

The code can be found down on the [Getting Started]( page.

use v6;

use Gnome::Gtk3::Main;
use Gnome::Gtk3::Window;
use Gnome::Gtk3::Grid;
use Gnome::Gtk3::Button;

# Instantiate main module for UI control
my Gnome::Gtk3::Main $m .= new;

# Class to handle signals
class AppSignalHandlers {

  # Handle 'Hello World' button click
  method first-button-click ( :widget($b1), :other-button($b2) ) {

  # Handle 'Goodbye' button click
  method second-button-click ( ) {

  # Handle window managers 'close app' button
  method exit-program ( ) {

# Create a top level window and set a title
my Gnome::Gtk3::Window $top-window .= new;
$top-window.set-title('Hello GTK!');

# Create a grid and add it to the window
my Gnome::Gtk3::Grid $grid .= new;

# Create buttons and disable the second one
my Gnome::Gtk3::Button $button .= new(:label('Hello World'));
my Gnome::Gtk3::Button $second .= new(:label('Goodbye'));

# Add buttons to the grid
$grid.gtk-grid-attach( $button, 0, 0, 1, 1);
$grid.gtk-grid-attach( $second, 0, 1, 1, 1);

# Instantiate the event handler class and register signals
my AppSignalHandlers $ash .= new;
  $ash, 'first-button-click', 'clicked',  :other-button($second)
$second.register-signal( $ash, 'second-button-click', 'clicked');

$top-window.register-signal( $ash, 'exit-program', 'destroy');

# Show everything and activate all


## Documentation
* [ πŸ”— Website](
* [ πŸ”— Travis-ci run on master branch][travis-run]
* [ πŸ”— Appveyor run on master branch][appveyor-run]
* [ πŸ”— License document][licence-lnk]
* [ πŸ”— Release notes][changes]
* [ πŸ”— Issues](


# Versions of involved software

* Program is tested against the latest version of **Raku** on **rakudo** en **moarvm**. It is also necessary to have the (almost) newest compiler, because there are some code changes which made e.g. variable argument lists to the native subs possible. Older compilers cannot handle that (before summer 2019 I believe). Bugs come and go again. There was one the software had a problem with, which was ironed away just before Raku version 2020.10.

  Some steps to follow if you want to be at the top of things (but try the easy way first!). You need `git` to get software from the github site.
  1) Make a directory to work in e.g. Raku
  2) Go in that directory and run `git clone`
  3) Then go into the created rakudo directory and read and
  4) Run `perl --gen-moar --gen-nqp --backends=moar`
  5) Run `make test`
  6) And run `make install`

  Subsequent updates of the Raku compiler and moarvm can be installed with
  1) Go into the rakudo directory
  2) Run `git pull`
  then repeat steps 4 to 6 from above

  Your path must then be set to the program directories where `$Rakudo` is your  `rakudo` directory;

  After this, you will notice that the `raku` command is available next to `perl6` so it is also a move forward in the renaming of perl6.

  The rakudo star installation must be removed, because otherwise there will be two raku compilers wanting to be the captain on your ship. Also all modules must be reinstalled of course and are installed at `$Rakudo/install/share/perl6/site`.

* Gtk library used **Gtk 3.24**. The versioning of GTK+ is a bit different in that there is also a 3.90 and up. This is only meant as a prelude to version 4. So do not use those versions for the Raku packages.

# Installation
The version of Raku must be at least 2020.10, otherwise a few tests will not run!

There are several dependencies from one package to the other because it was one package in the past. To get all packages, just install the *Gnome::Gtk3* package and the rest will be installed with it.
zef install Gnome::Gtk3

# Issues

There are always some problems! If you find one, please help by filing an issue at [my github project](

# Attribution
* The inventors of Raku, formerly known as Perl 6, of course and the writers of the documentation which helped me out every time again and again.
* The builders of the GTK+ library and the documentation.
* I would like to thank the developers of the `GTK::Simple` project because of the information I got while reading the code. Also because one of the files is copied unaltered for which I did not had to think about to get that right. The examples in that project are also useful to compare code with each other and to see what is or is not possible.
* Other helpful modules for their insight and use. E.g. the Cairo package of Timo.
* Documentation from [Wikibooks]( and [Zetcode](
* Helpful hands are there when issues are raised, after requesting for help or developers returning ideas tips, etcetera for documentation; Pixlmixr, Hkdtam, JackKuhan, Alain Barbason, Clifton Wood, Rob Ransbottom, HΓ₯kon HΓ¦gland (some names are Github names).
* Icons used from, humility icons, Andy Fitzsimon, licensed GPL.
* Prof Stewart Weiss, [web address]( On his site are numerous documents under which many about GTK+. I have used parts from these to explain many aspects of the user interface system.

# Licenses

* Raku code and pod documentation: Artistic License 2.0
* Use of Gnome reference documentation: GNU Free Documentation License Version 1.3
* Documentation from other external sources used in tutorials: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Public License

# Author

Name: **Marcel Timmerman**
Github account name: **MARTIMM**

# Copyright

Β© 2019 - ∞ πŸ˜‰. **Marcel Timmerman**
<!-- Please change ∞ to latest year when taking over -->

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