Help language development. Donate to The Perl Foundation

IRC::Log zef:lizmat last updated on 2021-12-11

README.md
[![Actions Status](https://github.com/lizmat/IRC-Log/workflows/test/badge.svg)](https://github.com/lizmat/IRC-Log/actions)

NAME
====

IRC::Log - role providing interface to IRC logs

SYNOPSIS
========

```raku
use IRC::Log;

class IRC::Log::Foo does IRC::Log {
    method parse-log(
      str $text,
          $last-hour               is raw,
          $last-minute             is raw,
          $ordinal                 is raw,
          $linenr                  is raw,
          $nr-control-entries      is raw,
          $nr-conversation-entries is raw,
    --> Nil) {
        ...
    }
}

sub EXPORT() { IRC::Log::Foo.EXPORT }  # Entry eqv Entry

my $log = IRC::Log::Foo.new($filename.IO);

say "Logs from $log.date()";
.say for $log.entries.List;

my $log = IRC::Log::Foo.new($text, $date);
```

DESCRIPTION
===========

IRC::Log provides a role providing an interface to IRC logs in various formats. Each log is supposed to contain all messages from a given date.

The `parse-log` method must be provided by the consuming class.

METHODS TO BE PROVIDED BY CONSUMER
==================================

parse-log
---------

```raku
    method parse-log(
      str $text,
          $last-hour               is raw,
          $last-minute             is raw,
          $ordinal                 is raw,
          $linenr                  is raw,
          $nr-control-entries      is raw,
          $nr-conversation-entries is raw,
    --> Nil) {
        ...
    }
```

The `parse-log` instance method should be provided by the consuming class. Examples of the implementation of this method can be found in the `IRC::Log::Colabti` and `IRC::Log::Textual` modules.

It is supposed to take 5 positional parameters that are assumed to be correctly updated by the logic in the `.parse-log` method.

  * the text to be parsed

The (partial) log to be parsed.

  * the last hour seen as a raw integer

An `is raw` variable that contains the last hour value seen in messages. It is set to -1 the first time, so that it is always unequal to any hour value that will be encountered.

  * the last minute seen as a raw integer

An `is raw` variable that contains the last minute value seen in messages. It is set to -1 the first time, so that it is always unequal to any minute value that will be encountered.

  * the last ordinal seen as a raw integer

An `is raw` variable that contains the last ordinal value seen in messages. It is set to 0 the first time.

  * the line number of the line last parsed

An `is raw` variable that contains the line number last parsed in the log. It is set to -1 the first time, so that the first line parsed will be 0.

  * the number of control messages seen

An `is raw` variable that needs to be incremented whenever a control message is created.

  * the number of conversation messages seen

An `is raw` variable that needs to be incremented whenever a conversation message is created.

CLASS METHODS
=============

new
---

```raku
my $log = IRC::Log::Foo.new($filename.IO);

my $log = IRC::Log::Foo.new($text, $date);
```

The `new` class method either takes an `IO` object as the first parameter, and a `Date` object as the optional second parameter (eliding the `Date` from the basename if not specified), and returns an instantiated object representing the entries in that log file.

Or it will take a `Str` as the first parameter for the text of the log, and a `Date` as the second parameter.

Any lines that can not be interpreted, are ignored: they are available with the `problems` method.

EXPORT
------

```raku
sub EXPORT() { IRC::Log::Foo.EXPORT }
```

The `EXPORT` class method returns a `Map` to be used in an `EXPORT` sub to have the consuming class export an `eqv` infix operator that can quickly see if two `Entry` objects are equivalent (as in: same type, same `heartbeat` and same `message`).

IO2Date
-------

```raku
with IRC::Log::Foo.IO2Date($path) -> $date {
    say "the date of $path is $date";
}
else {
    say "$path does not appear to be a log file";
}
```

The `IO2Date` class method interpretes the given `IO::Path` object and attempts to elide a `Date` object from it. It returns `Nil` if it could not.

INSTANCE METHODS
================

date
----

```raku
dd $log.date;  # "2021-04-22"
```

The `date` instance method returns the string of the date of the log.

Date
----

```raku
dd $log.Date;  # Date.new(2021,4,22)
```

The `Date` instance method returns the date of the log as a `Date` object..

entries
-------

```raku
.say for $log.entries.List;                       # all entries

.say for $log.entries.List.grep(*.conversation);  # only actual conversation
```

The `entries` instance method returns an `IterationBuffer` with entries from the log. It contains instances of one of the following classes:

    IRC::Log::Joined
    IRC::Log::Left
    IRC::Log::Kick
    IRC::Log::Message
    IRC::Log::Mode
    IRC::Log::Nick-Change
    IRC::Log::Self-Reference
    IRC::Log::Topic

entries-ge-target
-----------------

```raku
.say for $log.entries-ge-target($target);
```

The `entries-from-target` instance method returns all entries that are `after` **and** including the given target.

entries-gt-target
-----------------

```raku
.say for $log.entries-gt-target($target);
```

The `entries-gt-target` instance method returns all entries that are `after` (so **not** including) the given target.

entries-le-target
-----------------

```raku
.say for $log.entries-le-target($target);
```

The `entries-le-target` instance method returns all entries that are `before` **and** including the given target.

entries-lt-target
-----------------

```raku
.say for $log.entries-lt-target($target);
```

The `entries-lt-target` instance method returns all entries that are `before` (so **not** including) the given target.

entries-of-nick
---------------

```raku
.say for $log.entries-of-nick($nick);
```

The `entries-of-nick` instance method takes a `nick` as parameter and returns a `Seq` consisting of the entries of the given nick (if any).

entries-of-nick-names
---------------------

```raku
.say for $log.entries-of-nick-names(@nick-names);
```

The `entries-of-nick-names` instance method takes a list of `nick-names` and returns a `Seq` consisting of the entries of the given nick names (if any).

first-entry
-----------

```raku
say $log.first-entry;
```

The `first-entry` instance method returns the first entry of the log.

first-target
------------

```raku
say $log.first-target;  # 2021-04-23
```

The `first-target` instance method returns the `target` of the first entry.

last-entry
----------

```raku
say $log.last-entry;
```

The `last-entry` instance method returns the last entry of the log.

last-target
-----------

```raku
say $log.last-target;  # 2021-04-29
```

The `last-target` instance method returns the `target` of the last entry.

last-topic-change
-----------------

```raku
say $log.last-topic-change;  # liz changed topic to "hello world"
```

The `last-topic-change` instance method returns the entry that contains the last change of topic. Returns `Nil` if there wasn't any topic change.

nick-indices
------------

```raku
.say for $log.nick-indices;
```

The `nick-indices` instance method returns a Hash with the nick names that have been found as keys, and the associated ordinal number as value.

nick-names
----------

```raku
.say for $log.nick-names;
```

The `nick-names` instance method returns a native str array with the nick names that have been found in the order they were found.

nr-control-entries
------------------

```raku
say $log.nr-control-entries;
```

The `nr-control-entries` instance method returns an integer representing the number of control entries in this log. It is calculated lazily

nr-conversation-entries
-----------------------

```raku
say $log.nr-conversation-entries;
```

The `nr-conversation-entries` instance method returns an integer representing the number of conversation entries in this log.

problems
--------

```raku
.say for $log.problems.List;
```

The `problems` instance method returns an `IterationBuffer` with `Pair`s of lines that could **not** be interpreted in the log. The key is a string with the line number and a reason it could not be interpreted. The value is the actual line.

raw
---

```raku
say "contains 'foo'" if $log.raw.contains('foo');
```

The `raw` instance method returns the raw text version of the log. It can e.g. be used to do a quick check whether a string occurs in the raw text, before checking `entries` for a given string.

search
------

```raku
.say for $channel.search;             # all entries in chronological order

.say for $channel.search(:reverse);   # all in reverse chronological order

.say for $channel.search(:control);            # control messages only

.say for $channel.search(:conversation);       # conversational messages only

.say for $channel.search(:matches(/ \d+ /);    # matching regex

.say for $channel.search(:starts-with<m:>);    # starting with text

.say for $channel.search(:contains<foo>);      # containing string

.say for $channel.search(:words<foo>);         # containing word

.say for $channel.search(:nick-names<lizmat timo>); # for one or more nick names

.say for $channel.search(:lt-target($target);  # entries before target

.say for $channel.search(:le-target($target);  # entries until target

.say for $channel.search(:ge-target($target);  # entries from target

.say for $channel.search(:gt-target($target);  # entries after target

.say for $channel.search(:@targets);           # entries of these targets

.say for $channel.search(
  :nick-names<lizmat japhb>,
  :contains<question answer>, :all,
);
```

The `search` instance method provides a way to look for specific entries in the log by zero or more criteria and modifiers. The following criteria can be specified:

### all

Modifier. Boolean indicating that if multiple words are specified with `contains`, `starts-with` or `words`, then **all** words should match to include the entry.

### contains

A string consisting of one or more `.words` that the `.message` of an entry should contain to be selected. By default, any of the specified words will cause an entry to be included, unless the `all` modifier has been specified with a `True` value. By default, string matching will be case sensitive, unless the `ignorecase` modifier has been specified with a `True` value.

Implies `conversation` is specified with a `True` value.

### control

Boolean indicating to only include entries that return `True` on their `.control` method. Defaults to no filtering if not specified.

### conversation

Boolean indicating to only include entries that return `True` on their `.conversation` method. Defaults to no filtering if not specified.

### ge-target

A string indicating the `.target` of an entry should be equal to, or later than (alphabetically greater than or equal). Specified target may be of a different `date` than of the log.

### gt-target

A string indicating the `.target` of an entry should be later than (alphabetically greater than). Specified target may be of a different `date` than of the log.

### ignorecase

Modifier. Boolean indicating that string checking with `contains`, `starts-with` or `words`, should be done case-insensitively if specified with a `True` value.

### le-target

A string indicating the `.target` of an entry should be equal to, or before (alphabetically less than or equal). Specified target may be of a different `date` than of the log.

### lt-target

A string indicating the `.target` of an entry should be before (alphabetically less than). Specified target may be of a different `date` than of the log.

### matches

A regular expression (aka `Regex` object) that should match the `.message` of an entry to be selected. Implies `conversation` is specified with a `True` value.

### nick-names

A string consisting of one or more nick names that should match the sender of the entry to be included.

### reverse

Modifier. Boolean indicating to reverse the order of the selected entries.

### starts-with

A string consisting of one or more `.words` that the `.message` of an entry should start with to be selected. By default, any of the specified words will cause an entry to be included, unless the `all` modifier has been specified with a `True` value. By default, string matching will be case sensitive, unless the `ignorecase` modifier has been specified with a `True` value.

Implies `conversation` is specified with a `True` value.

### targets

One or more target strings indicating the entries to be returned. Will be returned in ascending order, unless `reverse` is specified with a `True` value.

### words

A string consisting of one or more `.words` that the `.message` of an entry should contain as a word (an alphanumeric string bounded by the non- alphanumeric characters, or the beginning or end of the string) to be selected. By default, any of the specified words will cause an entry to be included, unless the `all` modifier has been specified with a `True` value. By default, string matching will be case sensitive, unless the `ignorecase` modifier has been specified with a `True` value.

Implies `conversation` is specified with a `True` value.

target-entry
------------

```raku
say "$target has $_" with $log.target-entry($target);
```

The `target-entry` instance method returns the **entry** of the specified target, or it returns `Nil` if the entry of the target could not be found.

target-index
------------

```raku
say "$target at $_" with $log.target-index($target);
```

The `target-index` instance method returns the **position** of the specified target in the list of `entries`, or it returns `Nil` if the target could not be found.

update
------

```raku
$log.update($filename.IO);  # add any entries added to file

$log.update($slurped);      # add any entries added to string
```

The `update` instance method allows updating a log with any additional entries. This is primarily intended to allow for updating a log on the current date, as logs of previous dates should probably be deemed immutable.

CLASSES
=======

All of the classes that are returned by the `entries` methods, have the following methods in common:

### control

Returns `True` if this entry is a control message. Else, it returns `False`.

These entry types are considered control messages:

    IRC::Log::Joined
    IRC::Log::Left
    IRC::Log::Kick
    IRC::Log::Mode
    IRC::Log::Nick-Change
    IRC::Log::Topic

### conversation

Returns `True` if this entry is part of a conversation. Else, it returns `False`.

These entry types are considered conversational messages:

    IRC::Log::Message
    IRC::Log::Self-Reference
    IRC::Log::Topic

### date

The `Date` of this entry.

### entries

The `entries` of the `log` of this entry as an `IterationBuffer`.

### gist

Create the string representation of the entry as it originally occurred in the log.

### heartbeat

An integer for the absolute minute in the day (basically the hh * 60 + mm).

### hhmm

A string representation of the hour and the minute of this entry ("hhmm").

### hh-mm

A string representation of the hour and the minute of this entry ("hh:mm").

### hour

The hour (in UTC) the entry was added to the log.

### log

The `IRC::Log` object of which this entry is a part.

### message

The text representation of the entry.

### minute

The minute (in UTC) the entry was added to the log.

### next

The next entry in this log (if any).

### nick

The nick of the user that originated the entry in the log.

### nick-index

The index of the nick in the list of `nick-names` in the log.

### ordinal

Zero-based ordinal number of this entry within the minute it occurred.

### pos

The position of this entry in the `entries` of the `log` of this entry.

### prefix

The prefix used in creating the `gist` of this entry.

### prev

The previous entry in this log (if any).

### problems

The `problems` of the `log` of this entry.

### sender

A representation of the sender. The same as `nick` for the `Message` class, otherwise the empty string as then the nick is encoded in the `message`.

### target

Representation of an anchor in an HTML-file for deep linking to this entry. Can also be used as a sort key across entries from multiple dates.

IRC::Log::Joined
----------------

No other methods are provided.

IRC::Log::Left
--------------

No other methods are provided.

IRC::Log::Kick
--------------

### kickee

The nick of the user that was kicked in this log entry.

### spec

The specification with which the user was kicked in this log entry.

IRC::Log::Message
-----------------

### text

The text that the user entered that resulted in this log entry.

IRC::Log::Mode
--------------

### flags

The flags that the user entered that resulted in this log entry.

### nick-names

An array of nicknames (to which the flag setting should be applied) that the user entered that resulted in this log entry.

IRC::Log::Nick-Change
---------------------

### new-nick

The new nick of the user that resulted in this log entry.

IRC::Log::Self-Reference
------------------------

### text

The text that the user entered that resulted in this log entry.

IRC::Log::Topic
---------------

### text

The new topic that the user entered that resulted in this log entry.

AUTHOR
======

Elizabeth Mattijsen <[email protected]>

Source can be located at: https://github.com/lizmat/IRC-Log . Comments and Pull Requests are welcome.

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
=====================

Copyright 2021 Elizabeth Mattijsen

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the Artistic License 2.0.