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OO::Monitors cpan:JNTHN last updated on 2020-01-08

# OO::Monitors

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A monitor provides per-instance mutual exclusion for objects. This means that
for a given object instance, only one thread can ever be inside its methods at
a time. This is achieved by a lock being associated with each object. The lock
is acquired automatically at the entry to each method in the monitor. Condition
variables are also supported.

## Basic Usage

A monitor looks like a normal class, but declared with the `monitor` keyword.

    use OO::Monitors;
    monitor IPFilter {
        has %!active;
        has %!blacklist; 
        has $.limit = 10;
        has $.blocked = 0;
        method should-start-request($ip) {
            if %!blacklist{$ip} || (%!active{$ip} // 0) == $.limit {
                return False;
            else {
                return True;
        method end-request($ip) {

That's about all there is to it. The monitor meta-object enforces mutual

## Conditions

Condition variables are declared with the `conditioned` trait on the monitor.
To wait on a condition, use `wait-condition`. To signal that a condition has
been met, use `meet-condition`. Here is an example of a bounded queue.

    monitor BoundedQueue is conditioned(< not-full not-empty >) {
        has @!tasks;
        has $.limit = die "Must specify a limit";
        method add-task($task) {
            while @!tasks.elems == $!limit {
                wait-condition <not-full>;
            meet-condition <not-empty>;

        method take-task() {
            until @!tasks {
                wait-condition <not-empty>;
            meet-condition <not-full>;
            return @!tasks.shift;

When `wait-conditon` is used, the lock is released and the thread blocks until
the condition is met by some other thread. By contrast, `meet-condition` just
marks a waiting thread as unblocked, but retains the lock until the method
is over.

## Circular waiting

Monitors are vulnerable to deadlock, if you set up a circular dependency. Keep
object graphs involving monitors simple and cycle-free, so far as is possible.