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P5getnetbyname zef:lizmat last updated on 2022-01-21

lib/P5getnetbyname.rakumod
unit module P5getnetbyname:ver<0.0.8>:auth<zef:lizmat>;

use NativeCall;

my class NetStruct is repr<CStruct> {
    has Str            $.n_name;
    has CArray[Str]    $.n_aliases;
    has uint32         $.n_addrtype;
    has uint32         $.n_net;

    sub HLLizeCArrayStr(\list) {
        my @members;
        with list -> $members {
            for ^Inf {
                with $members[$_] -> $member {
                    @members.push($member)
                }
                else {
                    last
                }
            }
        }
        @members
    }

    multi method scalar(NetStruct:U: --> Nil) { }
    multi method scalar(NetStruct:D:) { $.n_name }

    multi method list(NetStruct:U:) { () }
    multi method list(NetStruct:D:) {
        ($.n_name,HLLizeCArrayStr($.n_aliases),$.n_addrtype,$.n_net)
    }
}

# actual NativeCall interfaces
sub _getnetbyname(Str --> NetStruct) is native is symbol<getnetbyname> {*}
sub _getnetbyaddr(uint32, int32 --> NetStruct) is native is symbol<getnetbyaddr> {*}
sub _getnetent(--> NetStruct) is native is symbol<getnetent> {*}
sub _setnetent(int32) is native is symbol<setnetent> {*}
sub _endnetent() is native is symbol<endnetent> {*}

# actual exported subs
my proto sub getnetbyname(|) is export {*}
multi sub getnetbyname(Scalar:U, Str() $name) { _getnetbyname($name).scalar }
multi sub getnetbyname(Str() $name, :$scalar!)
  is DEPRECATED('Scalar as first positional')
{
    _getnetbyname($name).scalar
}
multi sub getnetbyname(Str() $name) { _getnetbyname($name).list }

my proto sub getnetbyaddr(|) is export {*}
multi sub getnetbyaddr(Scalar:U, Int:D $net, Int:D $addrtype) {
    my uint32 $nnet = $net;
    my  int32 $naddrtype = $addrtype;
    _getnetbyaddr($nnet,$naddrtype).scalar
}
multi sub getnetbyaddr(Int:D $net, Int:D $addrtype, :$scalar!)
  is DEPRECATED('Scalar as first positional')
{
    my uint32 $nnet = $net;
    my  int32 $naddrtype = $addrtype;
    _getnetbyaddr($nnet,$naddrtype).scalar
}
multi sub getnetbyaddr(Int:D $net, Int:D $addrtype) {
    my uint32 $nnet = $net;
    my  int32 $naddrtype = $addrtype;
    _getnetbyaddr($nnet,$naddrtype).list
}

my proto sub getnetent(|) is export {*}
multi sub getnetent(Scalar:U) { _getnetent().scalar }
multi sub getnetent(:$scalar!)
  is DEPRECATED('Scalar as first positional')
{
    _getnetent().scalar
}
multi sub getnetent() { _getnetent().list }

my sub setnetent($stayopen) is export {
    my int32 $nstayopen = ?$stayopen;
    _setnetent($nstayopen);
    1;  # this is apparently what Perl does, although not documented
}

my sub endnetent() is export {
    _endnetent;
    1;  # this is apparently what Perl does, although not documented
}

=begin pod

=head1 NAME

Raku port of Perl's getnetbyname() and associated built-ins

=head1 SYNOPSIS

    use P5getnetbyname;
    # exports getnetbyname, getnetbyaddr, getnetent, setnetent, endnetent

    say getnetbyaddr(Scalar, 127, 2);   # something akin to loopback

    my @result_byname = getnetbyname("loopback");

    my @result_byaddr = getnetbyaddr(|@result_byname[4,3]);

=head1 DESCRIPTION

This module tries to mimic the behaviour of Perl's C<getnetbyname> and associated
built-ins as closely as possible in the Raku Programming Language.

It exports by default:

    endnetent getnetbyname getnetbyaddr getnetent setnetent

=head1 ORIGINAL PERL 5 DOCUMENTATION

    getnetbyname NAME
    getnetbyaddr ADDR,ADDRTYPE
    getnetent
    setnetent STAYOPEN
    endnetent
            These routines are the same as their counterparts in the system C
            library. In list context, the return values from the various get
            routines are as follows:

             # 0        1          2           3         4
             ( $name,   $aliases,  $addrtype,  $net      ) = getnet*

            In scalar context, you get the name, unless the function was a
            lookup by name, in which case you get the other thing, whatever it
            is. (If the entry doesn't exist you get the undefined value.)

=head1 PORTING CAVEATS

This module depends on the availability of POSIX semantics.  This is
generally not available on Windows, so this module will probably not work
on Windows.

=head1 AUTHOR

Elizabeth Mattijsen <[email protected]>

Source can be located at: https://github.com/lizmat/P5getnetbyname . Comments
and Pull Requests are welcome.

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022 Elizabeth Mattijsen

Re-imagined from Perl as part of the CPAN Butterfly Plan.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the Artistic License 2.0.

=end pod

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