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P5ref cpan:ELIZABETH last updated on 2020-11-11

P5ref-0.0.6/

NAME

Raku port of Perl's ref() built-in

SYNOPSIS

use P5ref; # exports ref()

my @a;
say ref @a;  # ARRAY

my %h;
say ref %h;  # HASH

sub &a { };
say ref &a;  # CODE

my $r = /foo/;
say ref $r;  # Regexp

my $v = v6.c;
say ref $v;  # VSTRING

my $i = 42;
say ref $i;  # Int

DESCRIPTION

This module tries to mimic the behaviour of Perl's ref built-in as closely as possible in the Raku Programming Language.

HEAD1

ORIGINAL PERL 5 DOCUMENTATION

ref EXPR
ref     Returns a non-empty string if EXPR is a reference, the empty
        string otherwise. If EXPR is not specified, $_ will be used. The
        value returned depends on the type of thing the reference is a
        reference to.

        Builtin types include:

            SCALAR
            ARRAY
            HASH
            CODE
            REF
            GLOB
            LVALUE
            FORMAT
            IO
            VSTRING
            Regexp

        You can think of "ref" as a "typeof" operator.

            if (ref($r) eq "HASH") {
                print "r is a reference to a hash.\n";
            }
            unless (ref($r)) {
                print "r is not a reference at all.\n";
            }

        The return value "LVALUE" indicates a reference to an lvalue that
        is not a variable. You get this from taking the reference of
        function calls like "pos()" or "substr()". "VSTRING" is returned
        if the reference points to a version string.

        The result "Regexp" indicates that the argument is a regular
        expression resulting from "qr//".

        If the referenced object has been blessed into a package, then
        that package name is returned instead. But don't use that, as it's
        now considered "bad practice". For one reason, an object could be
        using a class called "Regexp" or "IO", or even "HASH". Also, "ref"
        doesn't take into account subclasses, like "isa" does.

        Instead, use "blessed" (in the Scalar::Util module) for boolean
        checks, "isa" for specific class checks and "reftype" (also from
        Scalar::Util) for type checks. (See perlobj for details and a
        "blessed/isa" example.)

        See also perlref.

PORTING CAVEATS

Types not supported

The following strings are currently never returned by ref because they have no sensible equivalent in Raku: REF, GLOB, LVALUE, FORMAT, IO.

Also, since everything in Raku is a (blessed) object, you can only get the SCALAR response if you managed to put a Scalar container into another Scalar container (which is pretty hard), or you somehow have gotten ahold of a Proxy object. On all other cases, a Scalar container will be ignored and instead the contents of the container will be used.

$_ no longer accessible from caller's scope

In future language versions of Raku, it will become impossible to access the $_ variable of the caller's scope, because it will not have been marked as a dynamic variable. So please consider changing:

ref;

to either:

ref($_);

or, using the subroutine as a method syntax, with the prefix . shortcut to use that scope's $_ as the invocant:

.&ref;

AUTHOR

Elizabeth Mattijsen [email protected]

Source can be located at: https://github.com/lizmat/P5ref . Comments and Pull Requests are welcome.

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright 2018-2020 Elizabeth Mattijsen

Re-imagined from Perl as part of the CPAN Butterfly Plan.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the Artistic License 2.0.