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Tree::Binary zef:Scimon last updated on 2022-07-07

README.md
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NAME
====

Tree::Binary - Roles for building and traversing binary trees

SYNOPSIS
========

```raku
use Tree::Binary;
class IntTree does Tree::Binary::Role::BinaryTree[Int] {};
my IntTree(Str) $tree = "1(2)(3)";
say $tree;
```

     1 
    ┌┴┐
    2 3

DESCRIPTION
===========

Tree::Binary is intended to be a framework that can be used as the basis for building binary trees. The core `Role` provided is `Tree::Binary::Role::BinaryTree` which encapsulates binary tree storage, traversing, parsing and rendering.

`Tree::Binary::Role::BinaryTree` does not include code for inserting or deleting nodes as this is dependent on the concreate class using it. 

Tree::Binary
------------

```raku
role Tree::Binary::Role::BinaryTree[
    ::ValueType=Any,
    Tree::Binary::Role::Renderer :$gist-renderer=Tree::Binary::PrettyTree,
    Tree::Binary::Role::Renderer :$Str-renderer=BasicStrRenderer,
    Tree::Binary::TraverseType :$traverse-type=Tree::Binary::TraverseType::InOrder,
    Tree::Binary::TraverseDirection :$traverse-direction=Tree::Binary::TraverseDirection::LeftToRight,
]
```

The Tree::Binary::Role::BinaryTree `Role` accepts one postional and four named parameters : 

**ValueType**



The type of object it should allow (defaulting to Any) 

**:$gist-renderer**



An output renderer used for creating the `Tree::Binary::Role::BinaryTree`'s gist representation. The default for this is `Tree::Binary::PrettyTree` but any class that does `Tree::Binary::Role::Renderer` will work.

**:$Str-renderer**



An output renderer used for creating the `Tree::Binary::Role::BinaryTree`'s Str representation. The default for this is `BasicStrRenderer` but any class that does `Tree::Binary::Role::Renderer` will work.

**:$traverse-type**



How the tree should be iterated one of `Tree::Binary::Enums::TraverseType` defaults to `Tree::Binary::TraverseType::InOrder`

**:$traverse-direction**



The direction the tree should be iterated one of `Tree::Binary::Enums::TraverseDirection` defaults to `Tree::Binary::TraverseDirection::LeftToRight`

### Construction

The default constructor takes two named arguments :

**ValueType :$value**

The value of the current node

**Array[Tree::Binary::Role::BinaryTree] :@nodes[2]**

An array of 0-2 Tree::Binary::Role::BinaryTree nodes that are the children of the current node.

The role also allows for basic string coercion where a tree can be represented with the following structure.

    value(node1)(node2)

Where `value` is a `Str` that can be coerced into a `ValueType` and `node1` and `node2` another `Tree::Binary` representation. The `Str` method should produce a value that can be coered into a Tree::Binary of the appropriate `ValueType`.

Alternate construction options using `Str` coercion are :

```raku
# Coercion from a Str to a Tree::Binary
my Tree::Binary(Str) $tree1 = "1(a)(£)";

# Using the from-Str constructor
my $tree2 = Tree::Binary.from-Str("1(a)(£)");
```

Attributes
----------

### has Positional[Tree::Binary::Role::BinaryTree] @!nodes

The child nodes

Methods
-------

### method nodes

```raku
method nodes() returns Array[Tree::Binary::Role::BinaryTree]
```

The child nodes of this node, undefined nodes will not be returned.

### method elems

```raku
method elems() returns UInt
```

Returns the number of defined nodes for the current node. Note that the elems method does NOT return the count of all nodes in the tree just the current nodes children.

### method elems

```raku
method elems(
    Bool :$all!
) returns UInt
```

With the :all flag returns the total number of nodes in the tree including the current one but not any undefined ones.

### method elems

```raku
method elems(
    Bool :$leaf!
) returns UInt
```

With the :leaf flag returns the total number of leaf nodes

### method Str

```raku
method Str() returns Str
```

Returns a Str representation of the tree using the :$Str-renderer parameter

### method gist

```raku
method gist() returns Str
```

Returns the gist for this tree using the defined $gist-renderer parameter

### method raku

```raku
method raku() returns Str
```

Returns a raku representation of the tree

### method reverse

```raku
method reverse() returns Tree::Binary::Role::BinaryTree
```

Returns a new Tree::Binary where the node pairs have been swapped at each level

### method from-Str

```raku
method from-Str(
    Str $in
) returns Tree::Binary::Role::BinaryTree
```

Object creation method using the Str coercion rules.

AUTHOR
======

Scimon Proctor <[email protected]>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
=====================

Copyright 2021 Scimon Proctor

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the Artistic License 2.0.